Hair Replacement Surgery Process Indianapolis
For men, heredity is the major factor in hair loss.
For women, hormonal changes, including those that occur in menopause, are mainly responsible for female “pattern changes,” which include thinning and loss. Accidents, burns, and disease can also trigger hair loss.
The key factor in hair replacement is the presence of donor hair on the side or the back scalp, which is then used to replace hair where loss has occurred. Total baldness makes hair replacement surgery impossible. Hair quality is another factor. Light-colored hair, as well as coarse-textured hair, produce a look of greater density than fine or dark hair.
It is not essential to be bald or nearly bald before undertaking hair transplantation. Age also is no contraindication for a hair transplant. The younger the person, though, the more conservative the approach must be for hair transplantation, because the permanent donor site may not yet be established. Ideally, the patient should have dense growing hair in the donor sites to sufficiently fill any present or future areas of baldness.
What’s involved in hair replacement surgery?
Typically, our hair replacement surgery involves removing a very thin strip of hair from the back of the patient’s head. This strip is dissected into hundreds or thousands of smaller grafts by technicians utilizing various magnification methods. Then our surgeon makes tiny incisions in the scalp and individually transplants these follicle grafts. Most grafts contain one or two hairs with occasionally the use of larger four or five hair grafts. The artistic arrangement of these grafts and incisions are placed in such a manner to create a natural hairline. While this method has the advantages of higher yield and an easily covered recipient area post procedure, it does leave a fine line scar which for most patients is easily covered by their hair. For patients who wear their hair very short, follicular unit extraction (FUE) is an option, as it leaves no linear scar. Instead the grafts are removed individually and require a longer procedure. Long term, however, it is difficult to detect any evidence of the procedure. For those who wear their hair extremely short FUE is a great option to obtaining a great result without any resulting visible scar.
Your hair replacement procedure can last anywhere from 3 to 8 hours depending on the number of hair grafts. It can be performed comfortably under local anesthesia in the doctor’s office, similar to what you would receive at the dentist’s office to have a cavity filled. Some patients also elect to have oral anesthesia to help them relax during the procedure. You choose what you feel would work best for you. A mild pain reliever can be prescribed after the surgery to alleviate any discomfort at the donor site you may experience, but many patients find they do not need it.
It is important to note that the hair transplanted is not “plugs” as was the case 20 to 30 years ago, but individual hair units. It is this major difference that allows us to achieve the completely natural looking and permanent restoration of your hair.
After hair transplant surgery, you can resume most all of your normal activities almost immediately. In other words, there is no downtime besides the time it takes for the procedure!
During the procedure, you will sit comfortably in a reclined position in front of a large flat screen television mounted on the wall. You can watch television, or you are even welcome to bring a favorite DVD to watch if you would like.
After your procedure is over, you will be given post-operative care instructions to hasten the healing process. While you may resume most normal activities within hours, including washing your hair, or going back to work, any strenuous exercising or lifting should not be attempted for the first 2 weeks after the procedure. A follow-up hair loss prevention treatment program is usually prescribed to promote quicker and healthier hair growth as well.